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  Panje Shah-e-Vilaayath  

During the period of Abdullah Qutub Shah the impressions of the hands of Hazrat Ali and the feet of the Prophet arrived at Hyderabad. It is said that when the Prophet was returning from the Last Hajj he halted at a place near Ghadeer-e-Qum. The companions in the caravan were thirsty and they wanted to take water from the well nearby. When they tried to put a bucket and rope in the well to draw the water, these things were sucked into the well. The people informed the Prophet about the happening. The Prophet arrived with Ali and stood on a stone that was lying near the well and asked Ali to descend into the well and do battle with the genies there. This is called the Battle of Bir Al Ilm which is recorded in history. Hazrat Ali put his left hand on the black stone, descended into the well and fought a long battle with the Genies. He emerged from the well putting his left hand again on that stone. The imprints of the Prophets feet and Hazrat Ali's hands remained on the stone.

These relics were in Iraq with Syed Aman Ullah Rizvi. When Abdullah Qutub Shah heard of these he registered the cooperation of the Safivid Kings to acquire them from the nephew of Aman Ullah, Darwish Ali Rizvi. According to the tradition of his family the King received the Holy relics with great respect and dignity. He got a Ashoor Khana constructed to house these relics and appointed a pious person to be the keeper. He also decreed provision of the paraphernalia of Mahi Maratib and Royal Umbrella for the Ashoor Khana. A large chunk of land around the Ashoor Khana was endowed along with it. The Asaf Jahs renovated the Ashoor Khana and the income of the Mandi Mir Alam of every Thursday was earmarked for the upkeep of the Ashoor Khana. There is lot of property under this Ashoor Khana.

One of the impressions of the feet of the Prophet was preserved in this Ashoor Khana and the other was in Bijapur. From Bijapur the second impression was brought back to Hyderabad and is in the Hussaini Alam. It is kept for public viewing in the Ashoor Khana during the first ten days of Moharrum. The Panja Shah Wilayat is looked after by the descendants of Syed Darwesh Ali Razvi.

In the outer compound of this Ashoor Khana there is a long chain of steel on which four tablets are attached. On these tablets are engraved some Quranic verses and some markings. They say there were five tablets and one of them disappeared mysteriously. There is a black plate in the court yard of the Ashoor Khana on which a couplet is engraved in Persian saying that those who visit the Ashoor Khana with true hearts their wishes will be fulfilled. In the middle of the compound there is a pond carved on to a monolith black stone in semi-circular shape. Its depth is 72 centimeters and the internal and external diameter is 72.5 and 68 centimeters respectively. According to the keeper of the Ashoor Khana the pond, the tray and the chain have all been offered by Hazrat Mir Mehmood. Hazrat Mir Mehmood was a prince from Iran. He was pious and a religious person of very high calibre. He had to perforce leave Iran and came to Hyderabad. The Qutub Shahi Kingdom provided succour to all such persons whom circumstances forced to leave their native lands. Hazrat Mir Mehmood had fixed the chain in the Ashoor Khana with the belief that the troubles of those who visited the place would be resolved and their problems solved.


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